Autonomy Lost and Regained: The Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolia of Kyiv, 1633-2019

"Rus'" and "Ruthenian"

Often mis-translated in history writing as "Russia" and "Russian", these terms derive from the medieval term "Rus'" or "Rhos", which applied to the large state that was centered around Kyiv from the 9th to the 13th centuries. After the sacking of Kyiv by the Mongols in 1240, the western portion of that vast territory located in what is now Ukraine and Belarus would eventually come under Polish control. The people of that region, however, continued to refer to themselves as "Rus'", which was reflected in the official Polish and later Austro-Hungarian terminology. To avoid anachronism, we use the term "Ruthenian" or "Ruthenian/Ukrainian" to refer to this ethnic group in the context of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

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