Autonomy Lost and Regained: The Ukrainian Orthodox Metropolia of Kyiv, 1633-2019

The Most Holy Governing Synod

In order to consolidate administrative control and to eliminate a possible rival power center, tsar Peter I refused to approve a successor to Patriarch Adrian of Moscow after his death in 1700. Instead, the Church would be headed by a Metropolitan of Moscow, who was himself bound by the decisions of a college of bishops and laity known as the Most Holy Governing Synod, which was itself convened by a lay "Ober-Procurator" who reported directly to the tsar.

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